aws_cloudfront_distribution

Creates an Amazon CloudFront web distribution.

For information about CloudFront distributions, see the Amazon CloudFront Developer Guide. For specific information about creating CloudFront web distributions, see the POST Distribution page in the Amazon CloudFront API Reference.

~> NOTE: CloudFront distributions take about 15 minutes to a deployed state after creation or modification. During this time, deletes to resources will be blocked. If you need to delete a distribution that is enabled and you do not want to wait, you need to use the retain_on_delete flag.

Example Usage

The following example below creates a CloudFront distribution with an S3 origin.

resource "aws_cloudfront_distribution" "s3_distribution" {
  origin {
    domain_name = "mybucket.s3.amazonaws.com"
    origin_id   = "myS3Origin"

    s3_origin_config {
      origin_access_identity = "origin-access-identity/cloudfront/ABCDEFG1234567"
    }
  }

  enabled             = true
  comment             = "Some comment"
  default_root_object = "index.html"

  logging_config {
    include_cookies = false
    bucket          = "mylogs.s3.amazonaws.com"
    prefix          = "myprefix"
  }

  aliases = ["mysite.example.com", "yoursite.example.com"]

  default_cache_behavior {
    allowed_methods  = ["DELETE", "GET", "HEAD", "OPTIONS", "PATCH", "POST", "PUT"]
    cached_methods   = ["GET", "HEAD"]
    target_origin_id = "myS3Origin"

    forwarded_values {
      query_string = false

      cookies {
        forward = "none"
      }
    }

    viewer_protocol_policy = "allow-all"
    min_ttl                = 0
    default_ttl            = 3600
    max_ttl                = 86400
  }

  price_class = "PriceClass_200"

  restrictions {
    geo_restriction {
      restriction_type = "whitelist"
      locations        = ["US", "CA", "GB", "DE"]
    }
  }

  viewer_certificate {
    cloudfront_default_certificate = true
  }
}

Argument Reference

The CloudFront distribution argument layout is a complex structure composed of several sub-resources - these resources are laid out below.

Top-Level Arguments

  • aliases (Optional) - Extra CNAMEs (alternate domain names), if any, for this distribution.

  • cache_behavior (Optional) - A cache behavior resource for this distribution (multiples allowed).

  • comment (Optional) - Any comments you want to include about the distribution.

  • custom_error_response (Optional) - One or more custom error response elements (multiples allowed).

  • default_cache_behavior (Required) - The default cache behavior for this distribution (maximum one).

  • default_root_object (Optional) - The object that you want CloudFront to return (for example, index.html) when an end user requests the root URL.

  • enabled (Required) - Whether the distribution is enabled to accept end user requests for content.

  • logging_config (Optional) - The logging configuration that controls how logs are written to your distribution (maximum one).

  • origin (Required) - One or more origins for this distribution (multiples allowed).

  • price_class (Optional) - The price class for this distribution. One of PriceClass_All, PriceClass_200, PriceClass_100

  • restrictions (Required) - The restriction configuration for this distribution (maximum one).

  • viewer_certificate (Required) - The SSL configuration for this distribution (maximum one).

  • web_acl_id (Optional) - If you're using AWS WAF to filter CloudFront requests, the Id of the AWS WAF web ACL that is associated with the distribution.

  • retain_on_delete (Optional) - Disables the distribution instead of deleting it when destroying the resource through Terraform. If this is set, the distribution needs to be deleted manually afterwards. Default: false.

Cache Behavior Arguments

  • allowed_methods (Required) - Controls which HTTP methods CloudFront processes and forwards to your Amazon S3 bucket or your custom origin.

  • cached_methods (Required) - Controls whether CloudFront caches the response to requests using the specified HTTP methods.

  • compress (Optional) - Whether you want CloudFront to automatically compress content for web requests that include Accept-Encoding: gzip in the request header (default: false).

  • default_ttl (Required) - The default amount of time (in seconds) that an object is in a CloudFront cache before CloudFront forwards another request in the absence of an Cache-Control max-age or Expires header.

  • forwarded_values (Required) - The forwarded values configuration that specifies how CloudFront handles query strings, cookies and headers (maximum one).

  • max_ttl (Required) - The maximum amount of time (in seconds) that an object is in a CloudFront cache before CloudFront forwards another request to your origin to determine whether the object has been updated. Only effective in the presence of Cache-Control max-age, Cache-Control s-maxage, and Expires headers.

  • min_ttl (Required) - The minimum amount of time that you want objects to stay in CloudFront caches before CloudFront queries your origin to see whether the object has been updated.

  • path_pattern (Required) - The pattern (for example, images/*.jpg) that specifies which requests you want this cache behavior to apply to.

  • smooth_streaming (Optional) - Indicates whether you want to distribute media files in Microsoft Smooth Streaming format using the origin that is associated with this cache behavior.

  • target_origin_id (Required) - The value of ID for the origin that you want CloudFront to route requests to when a request matches the path pattern either for a cache behavior or for the default cache behavior.

  • trusted_signers (Optional) - The AWS accounts, if any, that you want to allow to create signed URLs for private content.

  • viewer_protocol_policy (Required) - Use this element to specify the protocol that users can use to access the files in the origin specified by TargetOriginId when a request matches the path pattern in PathPattern. One of allow-all, https-only, or redirect-to-https.

Forwarded Values Arguments
  • cookies (Required) - The forwarded values cookies that specifies how CloudFront handles cookies (maximum one).

  • headers (Optional) - Specifies the Headers, if any, that you want CloudFront to vary upon for this cache behavior. Specify * to include all headers.

  • query_string (Required) - Indicates whether you want CloudFront to forward query strings to the origin that is associated with this cache behavior.

Cookies Arguments
  • forward (Required) - Specifies whether you want CloudFront to forward cookies to the origin that is associated with this cache behavior. You can specify all, none or whitelist. If whitelist, you must include the subsequent whitelisted_names

  • whitelisted_names (Optional) - If you have specified whitelist to forward, the whitelisted cookies that you want CloudFront to forward to your origin.

Custom Error Response Arguments

  • error_caching_min_ttl (Optional) - The minimum amount of time you want HTTP error codes to stay in CloudFront caches before CloudFront queries your origin to see whether the object has been updated.

  • error_code (Required) - The 4xx or 5xx HTTP status code that you want to customize.

  • response_code (Optional) - The HTTP status code that you want CloudFront to return with the custom error page to the viewer.

  • response_page_path (Optional) - The path of the custom error page (for example, /custom_404.html).

Default Cache Behavior Arguments

The arguments for default_cache_behavior are the same as for cache_behavior, except for the path_pattern argument is not required.

Logging Config Arguments

  • bucket (Required) - The Amazon S3 bucket to store the access logs in, for example, myawslogbucket.s3.amazonaws.com.

  • include_cookies (Optional) - Specifies whether you want CloudFront to include cookies in access logs (default: false).

  • prefix (Optional) - An optional string that you want CloudFront to prefix to the access log filenames for this distribution, for example, myprefix/.

Origin Arguments

  • custom_origin_config - The CloudFront custom origin configuration information. If an S3 origin is required, use s3_origin_config instead.

  • domain_name (Required) - The DNS domain name of either the S3 bucket, or web site of your custom origin.

  • custom_header (Optional) - One or more sub-resources with name and value parameters that specify header data that will be sent to the origin (multiples allowed).

  • origin_id (Required) - A unique identifier for the origin.

  • origin_path (Optional) - An optional element that causes CloudFront to request your content from a directory in your Amazon S3 bucket or your custom origin.

  • s3_origin_config - The CloudFront S3 origin configuration information. If a custom origin is required, use custom_origin_config instead.

Custom Origin Config Arguments
  • http_port (Required) - The HTTP port the custom origin listens on.

  • https_port (Required) - The HTTPS port the custom origin listens on.

  • origin_protocol_policy (Required) - The origin protocol policy to apply to your origin. One of http-only, https-only, or match-viewer.

  • origin_ssl_protocols (Required) - The SSL/TLS protocols that you want CloudFront to use when communicating with your origin over HTTPS. A list of one or more of SSLv3, TLSv1, TLSv1.1, and TLSv1.2.

S3 Origin Config Arguments

Restrictions Arguments

The restrictions sub-resource takes another single sub-resource named geo_restriction (see the example for usage).

The arguments of geo_restriction are:

  • locations (Optional) - The ISO 3166-1-alpha-2 codes for which you want CloudFront either to distribute your content (whitelist) or not distribute your content (blacklist).

  • restriction_type (Required) - The method that you want to use to restrict distribution of your content by country: none, whitelist, or blacklist.

Viewer Certificate Arguments

  • acm_certificate_arn - The ARN of the AWS Certificate Manager certificate that you wish to use with this distribution. Specify this, cloudfront_default_certificate, or iam_certificate_id.

  • cloudfront_default_certificate - true if you want viewers to use HTTPS to request your objects and you're using the CloudFront domain name for your distribution. Specify this, acm_certificate_arn, or iam_certificate_id.

  • iam_certificate_id - The IAM certificate identifier of the custom viewer certificate for this distribution if you are using a custom domain. Specify this, acm_certificate_arn, or cloudfront_default_certificate.

  • minimum_protocol_version - The minimum version of the SSL protocol that you want CloudFront to use for HTTPS connections. One of SSLv3 or TLSv1. Default: SSLv3. NOTE: If you are using a custom certificate (specified with acm_certificate_arn or iam_certificate_id), and have specified sni-only in ssl_support_method, TLSv1 must be specified.

  • ssl_support_method: Specifies how you want CloudFront to serve HTTPS requests. One of vip or sni-only. Required if you specify acm_certificate_arn or iam_certificate_id. NOTE: vip causes CloudFront to use a dedicated IP address and may incur extra charges.

Attribute Reference

The following attributes are exported:

  • id - The identifier for the distribution. For example: EDFDVBD632BHDS5.

  • caller_reference - Internal value used by CloudFront to allow future updates to the distribution configuration.

  • status - The current status of the distribution. Deployed if the distribution's information is fully propagated throughout the Amazon CloudFront system.

  • active_trusted_signers - The key pair IDs that CloudFront is aware of for each trusted signer, if the distribution is set up to serve private content with signed URLs.

  • domain_name - The domain name corresponding to the distribution. For example: d604721fxaaqy9.cloudfront.net.

  • last_modified_time - The date and time the distribution was last modified.

  • in_progress_validation_batches - The number of invalidation batches currently in progress.

  • etag - The current version of the distribution's information. For example: E2QWRUHAPOMQZL.

  • hosted_zone_id - The CloudFront Route 53 zone ID that can be used to route an Alias Resource Record Set to. This attribute is simply an alias for the zone ID Z2FDTNDATAQYW2.